Sun Television & Appliances Inc. Business Information, Profile, and History
Columbus, Ohio 43209-2713
History of Sun Television & Appliances Inc.
Sun Television & Appliances Inc., Ohio's leading consumer electronics and appliance discounter, expanded its operations to include Pennsylvania, western New York, and West Virginia in the late 1980s and early 1990s, establishing nearly 40 stores in the region by the end of 1993. In a September 1992 article in Barron's magazine, the company's president, Robert Oyster, maintained that Sun held more than a 50 percent share of the Columbus, Ohio, market for consumer electronics and appliances and had captured between 20 and 25 percent of that market in its other metropolitan areas. Sun's management credits its low price guarantee, broad selection, aggressive local newspaper advertising, and well-trained service staff for its dramatic growth during the late 1980s and early 1990s.
Sun Television was founded in 1949 by Macy T. Block and a partner as a subsidiary of ZS Sun Limited Partnership. In May 1991, Sun Television was taken public, with an initial offering of two million common shares. Still, nearly 60 percent of the company's shares remained under the control of management, including Block, who was elected to the posts of chairperson and chief executive officer. This high proportion of inside ownership contributed to the company's tight-lipped policy on financial and historical information.
Presumably beginning operations as a retailer and repair service for televisions and other relatively simple electronic appliances such as radios and hi-fi systems, the company was offering a wide variety of merchandise through a chain of stores by the early 1980s. Sun distributed merchandise to its stores from a warehouse it maintained in Columbus, using its own fleet of trucks. Although most retailers of electronics began contracting with manufacturers for repair services during this time, Sun continued to offer customers its own repair service, which reportedly generated about six percent of annual revenues.
During this time, Sun established a catalog division complete with a toll-free number through which customers could purchase name-brand office equipment. Sun's offerings expanded to include facsimile machines, word processors, copiers, typewriters, printers, projectors, transcribers, and other items popular for home and office use. Home computers were introduced to the Sun product line in 1990. Committed to maintaining a sales staff knowledgeable in the company's merchandise, Sun employees underwent extensive training seminars in an effort to provide customers with quality service. Sun's "lowest price in town" guarantee proved popular among price-conscious consumers.
In April 1980, Sun Television filed a $500,000 lawsuit against a Lancaster, Ohio, firm that called itself Sun Furniture, claiming that the smaller company's name infringed on Sun Television's trade name and confused consumers. The litigation was settled in May of the following year, when Sun Furniture agreed to remove the word sun from all advertising material and from its building, equipment, and motor vehicles by July 1. The district court judge in charge of the case also permanently enjoined Sun Furniture from using "sun" in connection with any other operation of the business.
Sun began to expand rapidly in the late 1980s and early 1990s, more than tripling in size from 1988 to 1994. Eschewing expansion through acquisitions, Sun continued to focus on establishing new stores in small communities rather than in urban areas, where competition was great. Elliot Schlang, an analyst with Kidder Peabody, noted in a 1993 Fortune article that this strategy proved advantageous for the growing company, commenting that although Sun's "concentration has been in smaller communities, ... there are hundreds of them."
Sun also preferred to "cluster" new stores near existing outlets, which allowed for advertising and distribution efficiencies. Some analysts observed, however, that this policy tended to promote "cannibalism" among the stores, retarding sales growth at individual stores. Nevertheless, Oyster told Fortune that this regional focus helped the company avoid "the boom-and-bust cycles of the coasts," allowing them to enjoy "moderate but solid growth." When scouting sites, the company sought high-traffic areas, either at strip shopping centers or in free-standing locations at regional malls. Most of the new stores were "superstores," with net selling space of 20,000 square feet. The firm crossed the Ohio state line in 1988, adding a superstore in Mars, Pennsylvania, near Pittsburgh.
Sun proceeded to exploit the territory between Pittsburgh and Columbus, building at least six stores near northeast Ohio's metropolitan areas of Cleveland, Akron, and Youngstown beginning in 1990. This move soon brought Sun into an intense rivalry with Livonia, Michigan-based Fretter Inc. Fretter and Sun each made similar advertising claims, guaranteeing the lowest prices available, and in 1992, Fretter sued Sun, accusing that latter of airing "false, malicious and defamatory" television commercials. Sun promptly filed a countersuit to the same effect. By the end of the year, both Sun and Fretter had agreed to drop their suits.
Sun's geographical expansion soon necessitated the construction of a satellite distribution center to cater to northeast Ohio.
The company's sales increased over 250 percent from 1989 to 1993, from $157.24 million to $398.64 million, while net income grew even faster over the same period, from $2.26 million to $11.6 million. In 1992, Sun was named one of Forbes magazine's 200 best small companies, a ranking that took into account a company's five-year average annual returns on equity as well as sales and earnings growth. At that time, Sun had reported a 12.5 percent average annual return on equity from 1986 to 1991.
Sun successfully completed two common stock offerings during fiscal 1993. The net proceeds from these issues totaled $46.88 million, or over 1.5 million common shares. These funds, combined with increased cash flow from earnings, were used to pay off all the company's bank debt and position it to pursue future expansion opportunities. By the end of fiscal 1993, Sun had a bankroll of over $45 million with which to continue its growth strategy. That year, Sun established a superstore in Syracuse, New York, and planned to open a total of eight locations in its target region in May 1993. According to a March 1993 Fortune brief, Sun aimed to become "the dominant consumer electronics and appliance retailer in northern Ohio and western Pennsylvania." The company established its first store in West Virginia in March 1994.
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