3801 Old Greenwood Road
Fort Smith, Arkansas 72903
History of Arkansas Best Corporation
Parent company of one of the leading truckers in the United States, Arkansas Best Corporation (ABC) ships general commodities both nationally and internationally through its motor carrier subsidiaries. During the mid-1990s, ABC operated as a less-than-truckload and truckload carrier, deriving nearly 70 percent of its annual revenues from its largest subsidiary, ABF Freight System, Inc. ABC was also involved in truck tire retreading and new truck tires sales through its 46 percent owned subsidiary, Treadco, Inc.
1966: A New Beginning
The formation of ABC in 1966 marked a new beginning of sorts for both the individual selected to lead the company and the 31-year-old trucking concern that spawned its creation. ABC, incorporated in May 1966, was organized to acquire Arkansas Best Freight System, Inc. (later renamed ABF Freight System, Inc.), a $32 million-a-year trucking concern based in Fort Smith, Arkansas that had been established in 1935 as Arkansas Motor Freight. Selected to lead the new parent company was the former finance director of the regional carrier, H. L. Hembree, who spent his childhood in Fort Smith growing up together, so to speak, with the company that would employ him as an adult. Hembree had joined the company in 1958, seven years after his boss, Robert A. Young, Jr., had been named the company's chairman. By 1966, after Hembree had risen to the position of finance director, Young still served as the company's chairman, a position he would continue to hold when he directed the formation of ABC and named Hembree its president. Together, Young and Hembree, serving as chairman and president, respectively, composed the senior leadership of the new company formed in 1966 that, paradoxically, was already in the middle of its thirty-first year of business.
In the months leading up to the formation of ABC, Young and the rest of ABF Freight's management had decided to diversify into business areas other than trucking, resolving to acquire interests that would move the company into business areas not regulated by the Interstate Commerce Commission, the federal regulatory organization responsible for supervising the railroad and carrier industries. This the company quickly did, completing its first major acquisition seven months after ABC was incorporated. In December 1966, the company purchased Riverside Furniture Corporation and Twin Rivers Furniture Corporation, both of which had been established in 1946. The next acquisition moved ABC farther afield, both geographically and in business scope. In June 1968, ABC purchased a 64 percent stake in a Dallas, Texas-based financial institution, National Bank of Commerce, adding financial services to the company's widening roster of business interests. With these new additions rounding out ABC's major business interests, the company's management embarked on their new course, intent on applying their business skills to engender optimum profitability in the disparate business interests they maintained.
Within a few short years, ABC's management team had earned a solid reputation in the minds of analysts, drawing praise from nationally distributed publications that characterized the young cadre of managers as "ambitious, goal-oriented, and alert to opportunities for corporate growth." Heading this group and in charge of the day-to-day operations of the company was Hembree, who governed the company much like a former finance director would, with an emphasis on profitability and sound fiscal performance. "If you don't watch your costs," Hembree would explain later to a Forbes reporter about managing a trucking concern, "you can run up and down the highway with full loads and still go broke." Hembree, in the years ahead, would keep his eyes on costs, as they applied not only to ABF Freight, but to the three new additions as well. His was a perspective that placed a premium on profitability and gave ABC, which was described simply and accurately by industry pundits as a "management company," the task of stewarding each of its business segments in the right direction.
By the time the dust had settled from the acquisition of the National Bank of Commerce in June 1968, ABC already was recording success in managing its new furniture business, having organized the Twin Rivers Furniture Corporation as a subsidiary of its Riverside Furniture subsidiary. By far the parent company's most important business, however, was its trucking concern ABF Freight. By the late 1960s, ABF Freight was covering 12,500 route miles, transporting food, textiles, apparel, furniture, appliances, chemicals, and machinery, along with a host of other goods, with no single type of commodity accounting for more than three percent of the company's total traffic. The nearly 40-year-old trucker hauled its freight through a 14-state area, servicing major commercial hubs throughout the Midwest and the southern United States, stopping throughout much of its service territory at company-owned terminals that were operated by another ABC subsidiary, Arkansas Bandag Corp., which also retreaded tires under a patented German process.
ABF Freight's service territory expanded before the end of the decade, moving into Pennsylvania and New York after ABC acquired Fast Freight, Inc. in November 1969. Although ABC collected roughly 80 percent of its annual revenues from its trucking business, the most promising segment of its business, at least in terms of financial growth, was its newly acquired furniture company. Riverside Furniture, which generated approximately 18 percent of its parent company's annual revenues during the late 1960s, manufactured popularly priced wood occasional tables, exposed wood living room furniture, and rocking chairs, marketing its products through the efforts of more than 50 salespeople. With roughly 5,000 wholesale and retail accounts and permanent showrooms in North Carolina, Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Seattle, Riverside Furniture ranked as one of the five largest table manufacturers in the United States, an enviable market position that was expected to grow stronger as the company benefited from the "ambitious and goal-oriented" management of ABC.
Early on, ABC's management was credited with staging two dramatic turnarounds, the reports of which educed financial analysts to recommend the company to prospective investors. Riverside Furniture recorded $9 million in annual sales in 1968, 26 percent more than the previous year's total. More impressive, however, was the growth achieved by National Bank of Commerce. Ranking as the fifth largest bank in Dallas County, Texas, National Bank of Commerce posted net operating earnings of nearly $850,000 in 1968, which represented an increase of 104 percent from the total recorded in 1967, giving senior management in Fort Smith every expectation that all three of their primary businesses would flourish during the decade ahead. As Hembree and the rest of his team prepared for the 1970s, plans were being made to bolster ABC's interests in each of its three major businesses, as the company searched for acquisitions in the transportation, consumer products, and financial services industries.
During the first few years of the 1970s, ABC followed through on its plans to grow through acquisitions, purchasing Flanders Manufacturing Co. and Coffey Furniture Industries, Inc., both of which were merged into Riverside Furniture's operations. The company also added to its trucking service territory by acquiring Youngblood Truck Lines, which extended ABF Freight's presence in the southeastern United States from 16 to 19 states. After this initial spurt of acquisition activity to start the decade, the company was enjoying encouraging success, with nearly every facet of its business demonstrating vibrant growth. By the end of 1973, ABC's furniture segment was accounting for roughly 30 percent of the company's total yearly sales, up from the 18 percent it contributed five years earlier, while the profits derived from furniture manufacturing had registered a greater leap, jumping from 12 percent to 32 percent during the five-year span. ABF Freight, meanwhile, had exhibited a vitality of its own, consistently ranking as one of the most profitable operations in the trucking industry. The thirty-first largest trucking concern in the country in terms of total revenues, ABF Freight now operated in a 19-state territory, bounded by Wisconsin, Ohio, Indiana, and New York on the north, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas on the west, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Georgia on the south, and North and South Carolina on the east.
Conspicuously absent from the series of acquisitions during the early 1970s were any additions to ABC's financial services segment. Despite increasing its net income two-and-a-half times in its first five years as a partly owned ABC subsidiary, National Bank of Commerce had proved to be an ill-advised acquisition. The bank, as one company observer noted, had "serious collateral problems in its loan portfolio," but Hembree did not become aware of such problems until 1972, four years after he had invested in the bank. Once alerted to the problem, Hembree disposed of ABC's interest, explaining that "autonomy was the problem with [National Bank of Commerce]. It was also the only subsidiary in which we had less than 100 percent interest." After writing off $22 million over a three-year period, Hembree had learned a valuable lesson, vowing "we will never make that mistake again."
Change of Focus in the Mid-1970s
While the National Bank of Commerce was being divested, ABC continued to strengthen its trucking concern's business, completing a string of acquisitions during the mid-1970s that gave ABF Freight the operating authority to service a larger territory. By 1977, however, the value of gaining the operating authority to operate in additional territory was becoming questionable. The U.S. Congress was beginning to talk about deregulating interstate trucking, which would open routes to any interested trucking company and render ABF Freight's ever-growing portfolio of operating rights meaningless. Mindful that federal intervention would dramatically alter the dynamics of his company's mainstay business, Hembree knew a decision had to be made about the future course of ABF Freight and ABC if the government did indeed deregulate the trucking industry. For help, Hembree turned to his four full-time economic forecasters for advice on what the company should do in the event of deregulation.
Hembree's economic forecasters and their computers came up with three possible options: scale back expansion and become a regional trucker in the Midwest, sell the company to a larger competitor, or buy another trucking company and make a bid to become a major national carrier. In Hembree's mind, the first two options assured survival, but as he later explained to a Forbes reporter, "I didn't want to be just a survivor--makes it sound like you're going to a funeral. I wanted to achieve." Accordingly, he adopted the third option as the company's strategy, deciding that before deregulation opened the floodgates to the trucking industry ABF Freight would become a major national competitor.
The first step toward national prominence was taken in 1978, when Hembree authorized the acquisition of Denver-based Navaho Freight Line for roughly $15 million. The move immediately transformed ABF Freight from the country's 22nd largest trucking company into the eighth largest concern, representing a prodigious first step for the Fort Smith company. Next, the company acquired East Texas Motor Freight, Inc. in 1982, an acquisition that represented another important boost to ABC's stature. Once these acquisitions were fully digested, ABF Freight was a considerably larger company, serving nearly 90 percent of the nation's major metropolitan markets. Still the major engine driving ABC's growth, ABF Freight contributed the bulk of what its parent company declared in annual sales, a figure that had grown exponentially between the mid-1970s and mid-1980s, soaring from roughly $150 million to more than $500 million.
Deregulation in the 1980s
The U.S. trucking industry, as expected, had become deregulated early in the decade, making the operating rights ABC had obtained through more than 30 acquisitions over a 45-year period essentially worthless. The passage of the 1980 Motor Carrier Act also precipitated another change in ABF Freight's business, one that would change the way in which the company operated and opened the doors to a flourishing segment of the carrier market. The number of licensed trucking companies doubled in the first few years after deregulation; then, just as quickly, a majority of the new entrants fell into financial ruin. The rising number of bankruptcies created more than $1 billion worth of extra business for those who survived, with the biggest profits going to those companies that operated as less-than-truckload (LTL) carriers. Aware of the shifting dynamics in its industry, ABC changed from being a truckload operator to an LTL carrier, ranking by the mid-1980s as one of the five leading competitors in the lucrative industry niche market.
Growth in the LTL segment pushed ABC forward throughout the remainder of the 1980s, as the company approached the $1 billion-in-annual-sales plateau. Despite the divestiture of its long-held furniture manufacturer, Riverside Furniture, which was sold in 1989, ABC was recording steady sales growth as it entered the 1990s. By the end of 1993, ABC could rightly call itself a $1 billion company, generating by year's end $1.009 billion in sales and posting more than $50 million in operating income.
With the addition of WorldWay Corporation, which was acquired in 1995, ABC was rapidly heading toward the $2 billion sales mark as it prepared for the late 1990s. Annual sales in 1995 reached $1.47 billion, but once WorldWay was fully absorbed by the company sales were expected to near $2 billion. As the company prepared for the late 1990s and the beginning of the 21st century, Robert A. Young III, the son of ABC's founding chairman, was leading the way as chief executive officer, hoping to continue the robust growth that had transformed the company's mainstay business from the 48 largest trucking company into the country's fourth largest.
Principal Subsidiaries: ABC Treadco, Inc.; ABF Cartage, Inc.; ABF Farms, Inc.; ABF Freight System, Inc.; ABF Freight System Canada, Ltd.; ABF Freight System de Mexico, Ltd.; Advertising Counselors, Inc.; Arkansas Underwriters Corp.; Best Logistics, Inc.; Clover Insurance Co., Ltd.; Data-Tronics Corp. Integrated Distribution Systems, Inc; Land-Marine Cargo, Inc.; Treadco, Inc. (46%).
Related information about Arkansas
pop (2000e) 2 673 400; area
137 749 km²/53 187 sq mi. State in SC USA,
divided into 75 counties; the ‘Land of Opportunity’; the first
white settlement established by the French as part of French
Louisiana, 1686; ceded to the US as part of the Louisiana Purchase,
1803; included in the Territory of Missouri, 1812; became a
separate territory, 1819; joined the Union as the 25th state, 1836;
seceded, 1861; re-admitted, 1868; capital, Little Rock; other chief
cities, Fort Smith, North Little Rock, Pine Bluff; rivers include
the Mississippi (forms the E border), Red (part of SW border), and
Arkansas; the Boston Mts, part of the Ozark Plateau, rise in the
NW, and the Ouachita Mts in the W; highest point, Mt Magazine
(860 m/2821 ft); the mountainous region is bisected by
the Arkansas R valley; extensive plains in the S and E; over half
the state covered by commercial forest; many lakes; poultry,
soybeans, rice (the nation's leading producer), cattle, dairy,
cotton; processed foods, electrical equipment, paper, timber
products, chemicals; the nation's leading bauxite producer;
petroleum, natural gas; a major tourist area; resistance to school
desegregation made Little Rock a focus of world attention in
Arkansas (pronounced or ) is a Southern state in the United States.
See: List of Arkansas counties, List of cities in
Arkansas, List of Arkansas townships, List of
Arkansas native plants.
The capital of Arkansas is Little Rock.
Arkansas is the first state in the U.S. where diamonds were found naturally
(near Murfreesboro, Arkansas).
The eastern border for most of Arkansas is the Mississippi River
except in Clay and Greene counties where the St. Francis River
forms the western boundary of the Missouri Bootheel.
Arkansas shares its southern border with Louisiana, its northern border
with Missouri, its
eastern border with Tennessee and Mississippi, and its western border with Texas and Oklahoma. Northwest Arkansas is
part of the Ozark
Plateau including the Boston Mountains, to the south are the Ouachita Mountains
and these regions are divided by the Arkansas River; These
- Arkansas Post National Memorial at Gillett
- Fort Smith National Historic Site
Springs National Park
- Little Rock Central High School National Historic
- Pea Ridge National Military Park
The Trail of
Tears National Historic Trail also runs through
The first European who arrived in Arkansas was the Spaniard
Hernando de Soto, explorer at the end of the 16th Century. The early
Spanish or French explorers of the state gave it its name, which is
probably a phonetic spelling for the French or Catalan word for
"downriver" people, a reference to the Quapaw people and the river along which they
settled. The Five Civilized Tribes are the Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, Cherokee, and Seminole. Prior to statehood, it was known as the
On June 15, 1836, Arkansas became the 25th
state of the United
States as a slave
state. Arkansas refused to join the Confederate
States of America until after Abraham Lincoln called for troops to respond to
the unprovoked attack of Fort Sumter by Confederates in South Carolina.
As of 2005, Arkansas has an estimated population of 2,779,154,
which is an increase of 29,154, or 1.1%, from the prior year and an
increase of 105,756, or 4.0%, since the year 2000. It is estimated
that about 48.8% is male, and 51.2% is female.
The five largest ancestry groups in the state are: American (15.9%), African American
(15.7%), Irish (9.5%),
People of European ancestry have a strong presence in the
northwestern Ozarks and the central part of the state. Its
industrial outputs are food processing, electric equipment,
fabricated metal products, machinery, paper products, bromine, and
In recent years, automobile parts manufacturers have opened factories in
eastern Arkansas to support auto plants in other states (though
Arkansas does not yet have an auto plant itself, it is rumored to
be a future site for a Toyota plant as well as for a truck plant to be built by
Toyota subsidiary Hino
Tourism is also very important to the Arkansas economy; the
official state nickname "The Natural State" was originally created
(as "Arkansas Is A Natural") for state tourism advertising in the
1970's, and is still regularly used there to this day.
The effect of Tyson
- Interstate 440
- Interstate 540
United States highways
- U.S. Route
- U.S. Route
- U.S. Route
- U.S. Route
- U.S. Route
- U.S. Route
- U.S. Route
- U.S. Route
- U.S. Route
- U.S. Route
- U.S. Route
- U.S. Route
Major Arkansas state highways
- Arkansas State Highway 1
- Arkansas State Highway 5
- Arkansas State Highway 7
- Arkansas State Highway 10
Little Rock National Airport and Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport are Arkansas' main
air terminals. Huckabee, who had been elected lieutenant governor
in a 1993 special election,
became governor in 1996
when Governor Jim Guy
Tucker, a Democrat, was convicted as part of the Whitewater Scandal.
Tucker had been lieutenant governor under Bill Clinton and had become
governor as a result of Clinton's election to the presidency.
Both of Arkansas' U.S. Senators are Democrats: Blanche Lincoln and
Mark Pryor. Three
seats are held by Democrats—Marion Berry (map), Vic Snyder (map), and Mike Ross (map). font-size:
Presidential elections results
Wallaceof the American Independent Party,
at 38.65%, or 235,627 votes
The Democratic Party holds super-majority status in the Arkansas General
Assembly. The Arkansas General Assembly has not been controlled
by the Republican Party since Reconstruction and is the fourth most
heavily Democratic Legislature in the country, after Massachusetts, Hawaii, and
Connecticut. its voters passed a ban on gay marriage, the Arkansas
Constitution protects right to work, and the state is one of a handful that
has legislation on its books banning abortion in the event Roe vs. Office holders are
term-limited to two
full terms plus any partial terms prior to the first full
Some of Arkansas' counties have two county seats, as opposed to the usual one seat.
The same section states that the variation are-KAN-sas "is an
innovation to be discouraged."
See also : List of Arkansas Governors
See also : United States presidential election, 2004
Important cities and towns
- Bella Vista
- Eureka Springs
- Forrest City
- Fort Smith
- Helena-West Helena
- Hot Springs
- Little Rock
- Mountain Home
- North Little Rock
- Pine Bluff
- Siloam Springs
- Van Buren
- West Memphis
Public school districts
- List of school districts in Arkansas
Centers of research
- Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center
- National Center for Toxicological Research
Colleges and universities
University of Arkansas System
- University of Arkansas at
- University of Arkansas at Fort
- University of Arkansas at Little
- University of Arkansas for Medical
- University of Arkansas at
- University of Arkansas at Pine
- Arkansas Baptist College
- Arkansas Tech University
- Central Baptist College
- Henderson State University
- Ouachita Baptist University
- Philander Smith College
- Southern Arkansas University
- University of Central Arkansas
- University of the Ozarks
- Williams Baptist College
Arkansas State University System
- Arkansas State University - Jonesboro
- Arkansas State University - Beebe
- Arkansas State University - Mountain
- Arkansas State University -
- Arkansas State University - Marked
- Arkansas State University - Heber
- Arkansas State University -
The following state symbols are officially recognized by state
- State Anthem: Arkansas by Eva Ware Barnett
- State Beverage:Milk
- State Bird: Mockingbird
- State Cooking Vessel: Dutch Oven
- State Flower: Apple
- State Folk Dance: Square Dance
- State Fruit: South Arkansas Vine Ripe Pink Tomato
- State Gem: Diamond
- State Historical Song: The
Arkansas Traveler by Sanford Faulkner
- State Historic Cooking Vessel: Dutch oven
- State Insect: Honeybee
- State Mammal: White-tailed Deer
- State Mineral: Quartz Crystal
- State Motto: Regnat Populus (The People Rule)
- State Musical Instrument: the Fiddle
- State Rock: Bauxite
- State Soil: Stuttgart Soil Series
- State Songs: Arkansas
(You Run Deep in Me) by Wayland Holyfield
Arkansas by Terry Rose and Gary Klass
- State Tree: Pine
- State Vegetable: South Arkansas Vine Ripe Pink Tomato
The designation of a variety of tomato as both the state
fruit and the state vegetable is correct. it was the state
song before 1949 and from
1963 to 1987, when it became state anthem
and the other songs gained their present status. all four songs are
either copyrighted by
the state itself or in the public domain.
- Dale Bumpers,
former United States Senator and Arkansas
Governor; born in Hope, Arkansas.
Rodham Clinton, member of the United States
Senate and former First Lady
of the United States; former First Lady of
- Orval Faubus,
fomer Arkansas Governor.
Huckabee, current Arkansas
- Wilbur Mills,
powerful former member of the United States House of Representatives; born in
- David Pryor,
former United States Senator and original Dean of the
Clinton School of Public Service; Born in Oklahoma, but created
Wal Mart in 1962, in
- Joey Lauren
Adams, an actress best known for her role in Chasing Amy, born in
North Little Rock, Arkansas on January 9th, 1968. Born in Kingsland,
- Floyd Cramer,
famous musician most
known for his piano
"Last Date". Born in Shreveport, Louisiana and raised in Huttig, Arkansas in
Driftwood, famous Folk Music and Country Music personality. Born in Mountain View,
- Gil Gerard,
actor most famous for his role as Buck Rogers in the TV series Buck
Rogers in the 25th Century, was born January 23, 1943, in
- Gail Davis,
film actress, best know as Annie Oakley from the 1950's television series.
Born July 24, 1980 in Hot Springs, Arkansas, where she was also
- Daniel Davis,
an actor best known for his role as "Niles the butler" on the
television series The
Nanny, was born on November 26th, 1945 in Gurdon, Arkansas.
- John Grisham,
author and attorney, best known for his
books that were later transformed into popular movies, such as The Pelican
Time To Kill, The Client, The Rainmaker, The Firm and
Chamber. He is a founding member of The Band.
- Buddy Jewell,
musician born in Osceola, Arkansas.
- Alan Ladd, a
film actor most
famous for his leading role in Shane. Born in Hot Springs,
Lawrence, a Country musician born in Atlanta, Texas,
raised in Foreman, Arkansas.
- Ne-Yo, a R&B musician. Born October
18th, 1982 in Camden,
- Dick Powell, a
know for 1930's films such as 42nd Street and A Midsummer
Night's Dream. Born in De Queen,
Steenburgen, Academy Award-winning film and television actress. Born in Newport, Arkansas
and raised in North Little Rock, Arkansas.
- Billy Bob
Thornton, famous film actor born in Hot Springs,
Arkansas, and raised in Alpine, Arkansas and Malvern,
Twitty, a Country music legend. Born with the name Harold Jenkins, he took
his stage name from
the towns of Conway, Arkansas and Twitty, Texas.
- Maya Angelou,
poet, actress, and civil rights movement leader. Born April 4th,
1928 in St.
Louis, Missouri, raised in Stamps,
- Earl Bell,
Medalist in the Pole Vault; Attended Arkansas State
- Lou Brock,
member of the |National Baseball Hall of Fame, considered to be the
greatest base stealer of his era. Born in El Dorado,
- Paul "Bear" Bryant, legendary University of Alabama football coach. Born in
Carthon, former NFL
and USFL running back for
the New Jersey
York Giants and Indianapolis Colts. Former assistant coach for
backcoach/assistant head coach for the New York Jets, offensive coordinator for the
Cowboys. Attended Arkansas State University.
Daly, PGA golf champion. Born in California, raised from age 5 in Dardanelle,
- Jay Hanna "Dizzy"
Dean, member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame. Born in Lucas,
- Derek Fisher,
NBA basketball player. Born in
- Joe Johnson, NBA basketball player. Born in Little Rock,
- Jerry Jones,
owner of the NFL team
Born in North Little Rock, Arkansas and raised in Rose
- Matt Jones, NFL
player and 2005 1st round NFL draft pick to the Jacksonville
Jaguars. Born in Fort Smith, Arkansas.
- Al Joyner,
Gold Medalist in
the Triple Jump.
Born in Johnson Township, St. Francis County, Arkansas
race car driver. Born
in Batesville, Arkansas.
Moncrief, retired NBA
star who played for the
Bucks and who set several college records with the University of
Arkansas. Born in Little Rock, Arkansas.
Pippen, former NBA
legend who played for
Bulls championship teams, named as one of the 50 Greatest
Players. Born in Little Rock, Arkansas.
Switzer, former head coach of the NFL team Dallas Cowboys. Born and raised in Russellville,
Owens, former World War I combat camera operator, who later perfected the art of
putting sound on film as
a pioneer in cinematography.
Hanks Alexander, the first African American to hold a regular command
position in the US
Armed Forces and the second African American to
graduate from West
Point. Britt World War II soldier, Medal of Honor
recipient, and Lt. Governor of Arkansas
- Wesley Clark
Retired Army general, once NATO Supreme Commander, best known for
his leadership during the Kosovo conflict, was born on December 23rd, 1944, in Illinois, and was raised in
Hathcock, a US
Marine often referred to as the most famous American
sniper in history, the
subject of two biographies, "Marine Sniper" and "Silent
Warrior", and who achieved fame for his service during the
Vietnam War and
his later training as well as his instruction of military and
police snipers in Quantico, Virginia, was born on May 20th, 1942, in Little
- Bill Doolin
(1858 ? August 24,
1896), noted old west
outlaw, once member of the Dalton Gang, and the subject of the rock band the
Eagles song, Doolin
Dalton, was born in Clarksville, Arkansas.
- John Joshua
Webb, noted Old
West gunfighter, died of smallpox in Winslow, Arkansas in 1882.
- John Selman,
an outlaw and lawman
best known for murdering outlaw John Wesley Hardin in 1895, was born on November 16th 1839 in Madison County,
Arkansas, where he lived until 1858.
- Ivory-billed Woodpecker, long thought extinct,
possibly re-discovered in the Big Woods of Arkansas
- List of Arkansas native plants
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